Why do wetlands matter?
Wetlands are amazing ecosystems. They provide many important environmental benefits, including:
- Water quality – Wetlands naturally remove pollutants and harmful nutrients from runoff, ensuring they don’t end up in our rivers and lakes.
- Flood and drought prevention – Wetlands act like natural sponges, holding water during wet periods and releasing it during dry periods.
- Climate change solutions – Wetlands store huge amounts of carbon. If wetlands are destroyed, this carbon is released into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide, contributing to greenhouse gas emissions.
- Biodiversity – Wetlands provide essential habitat for thousands of species of plants, animals and insects.
- Recreation and learning – Wetlands give us natural places to play, learn and explore. They are destinations for hiking, hunting, canoeing, photography and more.